The key appears to be the Personal Learning Plan, where the goals of the student are captured.
In Broward, we have the following idea:
We ask our students to develop a Personal Learning Plan ("What do you want to learn?") and a Digital Portfolio ("Show us what you have learned") as well as a Personal Digital Library ("Here are ebooks, videos and poems that are important to me.""). Eventually the students will have a resume that lists the skills and experience that they will bring to future projects. do a search on "teen brain boot camp broward" and see what we're doing in Florida to personalize learning
Take a moment and click on this video
Here's another video about the brain